How to build a Power Supply

Power Supply

A power supply is used to operate the electrical power for the equipment that may not be connected directly to the 220V socket, but require a different voltage, typically much lower, similar to that provided by batteries.
To make sure that the alternating voltage provided in the outlets of the house be equal to that of a battery, the power supply uses several components, each with a specific function: we will see what are these components, examining the construction of the simplest of the power supplies. Continue reading “How to build a Power Supply”

LED Diode


The term “LED” is an acronym that stands for “Light Emitting Diode“. The LEDs are constituted by a P-N junction realized with gallium arsenide or gallium phosphide, both of materials able to emit light when they are traversed by an electric current; the value of this current is between 10 and 30 mA. Continue reading “LED Diode”

The zener diode


On the “The diode as rectifier” there has been a talk of the inversely polarized diode behavior; it is seen that, by applying a positive voltage to the cathode than the anode, a current flows only very weak, said “drift current“, until the applied voltage reaches a value such as to trigger the “avalanche effect“. Working in such conditions, a normal diode comes early to destruction by overheating. Continue reading “The zener diode”